Observers said the court’s decision was condemning and sent a message to Congress to clean up its own “chaos”.
Iraq’s Supreme Court on Wednesday rejected a petition to dissolve parliament. It said it was an important demand by powerful Shia leader Muqtada al-Sadr and his party, which boycotted parliament, and was beyond legal authority.
Al-Sadr emerged as the largest party in October’s elections, winning 73 out of 329 seats. However, it has been unable to form a government, leading to months of political crisis and deadly violence last month.
The federal court said in a statement that parliament must be dissolved if it is deemed to have failed to fulfill its duties, including acting in the interests of the people. A powerful body that must elect a Prime Minister and approve all laws.
Al Jazeera correspondent Imran Khan, in a report from Baghdad, said, “One way to interpret it is that it is an actual indictment against parliament…the federal court said it was not our fault. I said no.
“It’s an attack on the way parliament works… [It is] It’s a very strongly worded statement, and in effect it’s telling Congress: “This is your mess.
“It is firmly back in the hands of Congress. It will cause another crisis … They also say Congress is not acting in the interests of the people.”
Nearly 11 months of paralysis have left the country without a new government, prime minister or president, with deep disagreements among Shia factions in parliament.
Al Sadr was previously dragged back into opposition after withdrawing from the July general elections. After the Sadlists emerged as the largest political bloc, his rival Iran-backed coordination framework challenged the outcome and that he formed a government of his choice with Kurdish and Sunni allies. hindered.
Al Sadr, a vocal opponent of Iranian influence in Iraq, was unable to form a government of his liking and offered several government seats to the Coordination Framework, which they refused. . Al-Sadr responded by withdrawing his bloc from parliament as his supporters staged protests and sit-ins in Baghdad’s Green Zone.
Opponents of the Shia leader, mostly political parties with militant groups backed by Iran, have tried but failed to form a government in the face of protests and unrest.
“The rationale behind the court’s decision is to issue a carefully written statement. [that holds] The middle-of-the-road stick: On the one hand you say you have no right or authority to dissolve Parliament, on the other hand you say that this is a parliamentary mess that needs to be resolved. ” East analyst based in Virginia, USA.
“I think what they were trying to do [do] Perhaps appease Muqtada al-Sadr, [his] We will destroy the political power base so as not to avoid further destabilization of the country,” he told Al Jazeera.