“This government supports the exploitation and private occupation of indigenous territories,” the council said.
Brazil’s indigenous rights Christian group CIMI reported 305 such cases in 22 Brazilian states in 2021, compared with just 109 in 2018. .
CIMI said encroachments on indigenous lands had increased since 2016 but had escalated under the Bolsonaro government.
“In addition to the increasing number of incidents and land masses affected by illegal activities by miners, loggers, hunters, fishermen, land grabbers, etc., invaders also threaten their presence in indigenous territories and their reinforced the brutality of their actions,” the council said. , accuses Bolsonaro of loosening protections.
One example, according to the CIMI report, is a Bolsonaro-era regulation known as “normative directive 9,” which allows private landowners to obtain title certificates on previously off-limits lands. It’s easier now. The rule states that landowners can register property on land that has not been formally demarcated as indigenous territory. However, there are swaths of territory that are in the middle of a lengthy process to be formally demarcated as Indigenous land that private landowners could claim.
“In essence, Prescriptive Order 09 is intended to provide legitimacy and permit the issuance of property rights to invaders on Indigenous land,” it said. CIMI report.
However, Bolsonaro also called for indigenous lands to be developed, and said the natural resources contained therein should be used for the economic well-being of the country and indigenous peoples.
According to CIMI’s report, this course of action — intent to amend speech, norms, and the constitution through a series of bills — gave invaders the confidence to pursue their illegal activities on indigenous lands.
“Illegal mining sites (galimpo) are now developing extensive infrastructure and invaders are increasing deforestation of forest areas to open pastures and plant monocultures, allowing hunters, fishermen and logging are stepping up their incursions into the territory,” the report added.
President Bolsonaro said in April 2019 that “indigenous peoples cannot continue to be poor on rich land”, estimating that “trillions of reals are underground” in protected lands.
According to data from the INPE satellite, 3,750 square kilometers (1,448 square miles) of forest were cleared between January 1 and June 24. This is his largest acreage since 2016, when the Institute began monitoring this kind.
In a response to CNN, the Ministry of the Environment pointed to INPE data showing that deforestation on indigenous lands fell by 26.8% between 2019 and 2021. While these numbers are accurate, they ignore Bolsonaro’s data for 2018, the year before he took office. INPE data show that deforestation in these same areas almost doubled between 2018 and 2019.
According to CIMI’s report, the indigenous communities in Brazil most affected by illegal activities on protected lands were the Yanomami, Munduruk, Pataxo, Mura, Uruewau, Kaipuna, Chiquitanos and Cadiweus. .
“We are not fighting over other people’s property. We only want what traditionally belongs to us,” Kiowa Alenil Aquines Simendez said in the CIMI report.
“The violence continues, but we will fight, resist, pray and sing,” added Alenir.